Cherez labirinty k matematike (this page in Russian).
Cherez labirinty V matematiky (another Russian translation).
A través de Laberintos hacia las Matemáticas (this page in Spanish).
Niz labirinti za matematika (this page in Macedonian).
Skozi labirinti za matematiko (this page in Slovenian).
Cherez labirynty do matematyky (this page in Ukrainian).
A través de laberintos para Matemáticas (another Spanish translation).
Läpi sokkeloihin Matematiikka (this page in Finnish).
Át mazes a matematika (this page in Hungarian).
Prostredníctvom labyrintov k matematike (this page in Slovak).
[Thai text] (this page in Thai).
Kroz Labirinti do Matematike (this page in Serbian).
Přes bludiště až matematiky (this page in Czech).
Des Labyrinthes aux Mathématiques (this page in French).
Prin Mazes Ia Matematică (this page in Romanian).
Labirentten Matematiğe (this page in Turkish).
[Kazakh text] (this page in Kazakh).
[Georgian text] (this page in Georgian).
Przez labirynty do matematiki (this page in Polish).
Through Mazes to Mathematics

This late 12th Century manuscript maze (13cm in diameter) is in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich (Clm. 14731, Fol 82 v.). The text above the maze reads CUM MINOTHAURO PUGNAT THESEUS [IN] LABORINTO. = Theseus fights with the Minotaur in the Labyrinth.

Click for larger image.

The maze design was clearly intended to be the 12-level simple, alternating, transit maze with level sequence 0 3 2 1 4 7 6 5 8 11 10 9 12, a common maze in medieval manuscripts, but the 11th level was taken over by the center image (traces of it are still visible); level 8 is led directly to the center; levels 9 and 10 are now cut off from the rest of the path, and have been joined separately to the center. The topological meaning of the maze has been sacrificed to the visual impact of the composition.

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Tony Phillips
Math Dept SUNY Stony Brook
tony at

October 31, 2019