This illustration is a detail from the Arithmetic group in "Temperance," a print made after a drawing by Peter Breughel the Elder, dated 1560. Arabic numerals had only been in common use for about 100 years at that time.
Source: H. Arthur Klein, Graphic Works of Peter Breughel the Elder, Dover 1963
Anthony Phillips
Math Dept SUNY Stony Brook
August 28, 2002