Institute for Mathematical Sciences

Preprint ims10-04

Pavel Bleher, Mikhail Lyubich, Roland Roeder
Lee-Yang zeros for DHL and 2D rational dynamics, I. Foliation of the physical cylinder

Abstract: In a classical work of the 1950's, Lee and Yang proved that the zeros of the partition functions of a ferromagnetic Ising model always lie on the unit circle. Distribution of the zeros is physically important as it controls phase transitions in the model. We study this distribution for the Migdal-Kadanoff Diamond Hierarchical Lattice (DHL). In this case, it can be described in terms of the dynamics of an explicit rational function R in two variables (the renormalization transformation). We prove that R is partially hyperbolic on an invariant cylinder C. The Lee-Yang zeros are organized in a transverse measure for the central-stable foliation of R|C. Their distribution is absolutely continuous. Its density is C^infty (and non-vanishing) below the critical temperature. Above the critical temperature, it is C^infty on an open dense subset, but it vanishes on the complementary Cantor set of positive measure. This seems to be the first occasion of a complete rigorous description of the Lee-Yang distributions beyond 1D models.
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